Our take on Apache SuperSet

Our current take on Apache Superset; and why we think it is a viable alternative to Tableau at scale.

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With the Tropos.io data stack radar, we keep track of a number of open-source projects and commercial tools. For each category, we would like to have multiple options so we can adapt the data stack to the use-cases, scale and budget of the customer. Before we add a solution to our tech radar we assess it to make sure we can successfully scale and secure it in production with minimal risk. We prefer tools backed by large or growing communities. 

Let’s have a look at why Apache Superset is moving from Trial to Adopt in the data visualisation category.

Technical Architecture

Since Apache Superset is already in production with a large number of users, including at Airbnb where the project started in 2016, the architecture is well throughout and scalable. 
The webservers that serve the UI can scale fully independently by using a load balancer and scaling group or policy from the workers that execute the SQL queries. Using a configurable cache based on Redis, not all the queries triggered by the charts on the dashboards have to hit the (cloud) data warehouse. 
It’s relatively easy to spin all this up using docker-compose or the helm chart. The documentation can be improved by a few examples of the reference architecture on Azure, AWS or GCP with the metadata running on a managed database in Terraform or Pulumi. Oauth2 configuration documentation, often a requirement in large enterprises, is available.

Ref. https://www.startdataengineering.com/post/apache-superset-tutorial/

SQLAlchemy, the framework used by Superset to connect to the data sources, has battle-tested connectors to all major databases and cloud data warehouses. 
From a Snowflake point of view, it’s possible to set a default warehouse and default role in the connection string. 
We would like the capability to authenticate with OAuth to fully leverage role-based security and data masking. 

Visualisation capabilities

Since the move to Echarts, the number of great looking chart types keeps expanding and more tutorials to design your own charts are appearing online and in the Slack community. 
From a GIS point of view, it’s great deck.gl visualisations are included. You need to add MAPBOX_API_KEY = <your key> to your configuration file (config.py or superset_config.py). 

The UI is not yet drag-drop but this is not a show stopper because the drop-downs are intuitive. For the most common chart types tweaking JSON is not necessary. 

Data sources are transformed into “datasets” that act as a basic semantic layer so it’s easy to add friendly field names, descriptions, calculated columns and even some data governance related fields.


In a number of open-source data visualisation frameworks, such as Plotly Dash, it’s feasible to create a great-looking dashboard but configurable role-based access and row-based security are not available out of the box. These are features that are not that easy to develop from scratch.
Apache Superset supports these security features out of the box
The names, Gamma & Alpha of the default roles are a bit weird. 
Users with role Alpha only have access to specific data sources and charts/dashboards based on these sources. These are dashboard viewers or readers. Gamma users are the dataset/chart/dashboard creators. They can only create new artefacts and edit the artefacts they own. 
Let’s look into an example. 
I’ve created a role to limit access to a specific data source.

Then I’ve created a dashboard user and dashboard admin.

The dashboard user only has access to the covid dashboard and dataset.

The admin user can edit the Covid dataset.

It’s not possible to edit other datasets.

Custom roles offer very fine-grained control over the functionality exposed to users and the API layer. 

Row-level security is available but you have to enable the feature in version <V1.2.0.

Apache Superset lacks a number of features available in commercial visualisation tools such as folders and groups to organize datasets, charts and dashboards. In projects with a manageable number of users, this is not a show-stopper and the metadatabase is accessible so a workaround is feasible.


As with other tools on our data stack radar, a fully managed service by the founders of the open-source projects will be available. 

We’ve been in touch with Preset.io and a fully managed Apache Superset with a free tier will be available publicly in the coming months. 
We can’t confirm the pricing yet but the estimate we got positions a preset.io user (with full access to all features) between the reader accounts and dashboard creator account pricing seen at several competitors 🙂 
For use-cases with a low number of dashboard creators and a large number of dashboard viewers, the launch pricing might be an issue. As with any SaaS solution negotiating a better customer-specific deal is an option.

SSO/Idp integration will be part of the entry-level tier and we were amazed that it will be possible to spin up the service in European cloud locations on AWS/Azure/GCP. More advanced tiers with other features such as AWS Private Link will be available. A migration path from and to the open-source version will be provided. 

Next to a rename of the roles, preset.io adds the concept of separate workspaces to manage groups of users and dashboards. 


We hope this blog post gives you a view of why we “upgraded” Apache Superset in our data stack radar. With this progress and the great community behind it, we are confident to use Apache Superset in a number of projects. 
The free preset.io tier will be a valuable deployment option if you don’t want to regularly manually test, secure and upgrade a self-managed Apache Superset.

So spin-up Apache Superset if you are looking for a cloud-native, customisable and user-friendly data visualisation solution and get in touch if you need support. 

Koen Verschaeren

Koen Verschaeren

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